China's Factories Causing Pollution

China is one of the most industrious countries today producing most of the goods that are dominating the economic market. Irrespective of this, the country's rate of pollution has been on the rise in the recent years as many industries continue to develop. Most of the pollution in China is from the manufacture of the goods exported to a country like the United States. The economic growth in the country has been multiplying in the last three decades, and it is because of this that it is becoming notorious for pollution. Of the worst cities across the globe ranked as most notorious in air pollution, 16 of these cities are in China with Beijing being among them. Pollution is a serious problem that threatens the environment and well-being of the people, and thus it is critical that the sources of pollution are addressed beforehand and develop ways to mitigate the looming danger. The cause of the China's widespread pollution can be attributed to the growing number of factories in the country.

China today is the world's largest industrial country, and this is evident by the rising number of industries that produce most of the exported goods across the globe. However, the cost of this power is becoming apparent in the nature of its environment. As the population in the country grows, many people both in the urban and rural areas are offering an opportunity of sustaining the growing, and in turn, many industries are born in every region of the country. Air pollution has been on the rise in the last decade, and just recently, the government was forced to issue a level-four red alert because of the severe air pollution (BBC, 2015). This resulted in banning half of the vehicles in the country from operating and schools had to be closed as safety as a measure. The smog in the country, particularly in Beijing has been a serious problem, and it is primarily blamed on the uncontrolled coal-burning power plants and the industries (BBC, 2015). According to Wong (2017), approximately 14,000 companies, which are about 70 percent of the businesses operating in the country, have been examined, and they do not meet the environmental standards set to control pollution. Additionally, more than 4700 factories are located in areas unsuitable for manufacture, and these continue to contribute to the rising levels of air pollution in China.

Economic growth in the last three decades is the cause of the current pollution problem in China. Beijing, the capital city of China, is the leading in air pollution and this is due to various factors such as the economic boom, an increase in the number of motor vehicles used in the city, the growing population, and the key one is the output from the ever-increasing number of industries in the town (Hsu, 2016). As the economy of the country gets better, there is amplified wealth, many people are finding it easy to own motor vehicles, and the number of cars on the streets of Beijing has doubled with approximately 1200 automobiles added every day. Though the country has tried to minimize the amount of the air pollution, the heavy use of coal still emits 25 million tons of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere (Hsu, 2016). Despite being one of the most advanced countries, it is shocking news industrialization in the country is not on par with the economy. The nation still experiences some of the worst pollutions, and this is caused by overreliance on coal energy, factory productions and less efficient cars (phys.org, 2017). Inadequate controls of the industries and the motor vehicles continue to worsen the pollution problem in China.

One thing that most people do not acknowledge as the source of the pollution in China is the growing demand for consumer products like the mobile phones. Most of the affordable products like mobile phones are manufactured in China, and this cheap labor market opened an avenue to foreign companies who have invested in the country. One of the countries that majorly rely on China as the source of almost everything in the United States and it is clear that as China strives to make better products consumed in other countries, the emissions remain in China (Ackerman). Though the governments have tried to allocate the emissions on the consumption basis, reports indicate that it is the increasing demands from other countries that cause the rise of greenhouses gases in China's atmosphere. The pollution is not the idea of the nation but the need of the products produced in the country. The causes of the pollution include the energy sources, the metal smelting, petrochemical smog and food processing (Kielmas). When jointly assessed, it is easy to identify that all these processes come from producing goods such as phones, motor vehicles, and exported food. It is by taking the stance of satisfying of putting the country as the global supplier that it continues to suffer from pollution.

The adverse effects of pollution cannot be underestimated especially when it comes to the impact it has on the people of China. According to Watson (2017), China remains to be one of the hardest hit countries with the harmful effects of industrialization. 11% of the air pollution deaths in China are a result of manufacturing goods exported to the United States and the United Kingdom (Watson, 2017). The microscopic particles in the polluted air often travel to the lungs of many people and without realizing it results to diseases like lung cancer and stroke. The toxic particles come from the power plants factories and have been found to be more dangerous than ozone. Approximately 100,000 people have died in China from inhaling the substances in the polluted air (Watson, 2017). The air pollution has made life in China unbearable. Pollution has become an environmental hazard that threatens the future of people in China, especially the children. With the improving economy, the Ministry of Environmental Protection stated that the air quality in China is unsafe (Wong, 2013). In turn, people are now forced to walk around China behind facemasks as or to stay indoors to avoid being contaminated with the polluted air.

In conclusion, it is clear it is the factories in China that are causing air pollution in the country. The problem is becoming difficult to control as the global economy heavily relies on China and as a result, many companies are built to meet this demand. The government is failing on its end to implement strict rules that would govern emission of the gasses, and this gives foreign investors an opportunity to exploit the resources in the country. It is without control then that the factories in China continue to destroy the environment through pollution.