What Does The Environmental Crisis Say About So-Called “Human Nature?

What Does The Environmental Crisis Say About So-Called “Human Nature?

            Human nature is a term used to refer to the distinct characteristics that include acting, feeling and thinking which humans tend to be independently and naturally influenced by culture. On the other hand, environmental ethics and crisis are a discipline in the philosophy arena that deals with the study of the moral relationships of all human beings. It also talks about the moral status and values that the non-human contents have for human beings. The environment holds challenges to the human nature through the deep connections of animism, social ecology, feminist environment and ethics and the ecology in general. I will talk about the political crises, economic, social and the crises in friendship and marriages.

            The use of Crisis began in the philosophy of the early modernity of history. Rousseau, an early philosopher, used the word to illustrate the political situation of his age 1761. He saw it as an old institution of state that no longer corresponds to the new economic, cultural and social situation. He predicts that the development of the society will enter into a critical phase where the revolution will ultimately overthrow all the constitutions existing in the European states. In the crisis of the 20th and 19th centuries, Crisis got to be a crucial concept in the history of philosophies (Dryzek & John 2013, 45). It majorly focused on an organic history that investigated the causes of political changes, social and economic changes. The old and the new constitutions and the ways of moral, ethics and justice were all in conflict (Shiller & Robert 2012, 67). Arnold Ruge, a Hegelian political philosopher, characterized the 19th century as the age of critics and claimed that the crisis aimed at breaking with the dispel surface of the past to see that the new continent is already developed if not developing. Marxism and Frankfurt School arose as well known to develop a precarious analysis about the society in the tradition of both Marx and Hegel (Dryzek & John 2013, 78). The example of the two became the most prominent in the diagnosis of the society through the experiences of the social conflicts. The basic idea here is that societal development occurs as a result of unembellished social problems. The whole integrity of the society is affected as a whole to a degree of establishing legal, political and moral losses of order and its legitimacy. The role of the social philosophy is to make all this diagnosis. It describes the normal order of governing the condition of the societal, and this has become a step with society relaxation that it should serve.

            Plato, however, argued differently. He responded and said that political philosophy perceives a weakening of the society. Crisis does not justify the conflict of an old institution, and the burgeoning of the fulfilling of social values and needs is necessary. The ethical idea of Plato was intended to counter the subjective and relativism that were encouraged by the sophists. According to Plato, it was responsible for the decay of the ethics, and this could easily lead to Defeat of the Sparta by the Athens (Dryzek & John 2013,  90). After some time the virtues disappeared, and philosophy was to compensate all the ideal demonstrations of the metaphysical reality of the real ideas. The role of philosophy is to provide a base of knowledge of universal justice.

            Aristotle, on the other hand, argued that human nature originated with the Socrates. The Socrates turned the study of the philosophy of the heavens to the study of human things. The Socrates are said to have being studying the question of how a person should live, but he left some unwritten works (Shiller & Robert  2012,  78). According to Socrates, who was a rationalist, life is most suitable to human nature if it involves a lot of reasoning. During the middle ages, the Socratic school had a major influence on the Christians Islam’s and the Jewish philosophers in general. The works of Aristotle and Plato divided human nature to the human soul. One of the parts was rational, and the other was human. Both Plato and Aristotle distinguished epithelial and thermos as passions and spiritedness. The importance of this was to rule all the other parts to the souls and the spiritless so as to help others.

            Machiavelli argued that the rejection of Aristotle was majorly associated with Rene Descartes and Francis Bacon. The approach of the two was to return philosophy to the pre-Socratic focus to the non-human things (Shiller & Robert 2012,  45).  Thomas Hobbes and David Hume then claimed that one must first properly use the modern scientific approach to reach the view of human beings. Hobbes then famously followed the describing of the human life in a matter of motion just like the machines. Jean-Jacques Rousseau after that pushed the approach of Hobbes to an extreme situation and later criticized it at the same time (Shiller & Robert 2012, 98). He was an acquaintance and a contemporary of the home where he used to write before the revolution of the French and long time before Freud and Darwin. The theory the early Rousseau’s contained an original notion about the nature of man. The nature of man had received suppression by the construction of development of the modern technology, skills, arts, and science.

            From all these examples we view that there are preliminary considerations concerning the environmental ethics and crisis. It does not appear possible to consider the non-human nature of the moral subjects regarding the strict sense. Kant was right by making a conscious reason about the preconditions for self-determination. The basis of this to categorically impetrate the precept of the moral obligation that are used to treat humanity in a person so that we can easily justify the fact that only human beings are capable of having rational self-determination. The notion of the environmental crisis can only prove some fruitful developments of essential and new philosophical familiarity for underpinning the central real-world initiatives about which you can read in the environment issues essay